Thanks to Mrs Liz Smith for this fab visual in the planning room! The strands of Scarborough’s Reading Rope (2001) represent the various interconnected components of skilled reading.
Reading is a complex cognitive process. The Simple View of Reading (Gough and Tunmer, 1986) is a research-supported representation of how reading comprehension is the product of two sets of equally important skills: decoding and linguistic comprehension.
Scarborough (2001) further developed the Simple View of Reading with the use of a rope metaphor whereby the strands of the rope represent the various interconnected components we see in skilled readers. For either of the two essential components to develop successfully, students need to be taught the elements necessary for automatic word recognition (ie. phonological awareness, decoding and a handful of high frequency words), and strategic language comprehension (ie. back-ground knowledge, vocab, verbal reasoning and literacy knowledge).